Noticias en Espanol

Gobernador Gavin Newsom anuncia una expansión a su declaración de sequía para incluir un total de 41 de los 58 condados de California.

SACRAMENTO – Los dos inviernos secos de California ahora han culminado en una declaración de sequía de la oficina del gobernador Newsom.

Después de declarar inicialmente una sequía para solo dos condados en el estado, Newsom ha ampliado significativamente su proclamación de sequía de emergencia que incluirá el condado de Tulare. La proclamación también incluirá los condados de Klamath River y Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, donde se necesita una acción acelerada para proteger la salud pública, la seguridad y el medio ambiente.

En total, 41 condados se encuentran ahora bajo un estado de emergencia por sequía, lo que representa el 30 por ciento de la población del estado.

 

Las tempranas temperaturas cálidas y los suelos extremadamente secos han agotado aún más el agua de escorrentía esperada de la capa de nieve Sierra-Cascade, lo que ha resultado en reducciones históricas e imprevistas en la cantidad de agua que fluye hacia los principales reservorios.

“Estamos trabajando con funcionarios locales y otros socios para proteger la salud y seguridad públicas y el medio ambiente, y hacemos un llamado a todos los californianos para que ayuden a enfrentar este desafío intensificando sus esfuerzos para ahorrar agua”, dijo el gobernador Newsom.

Gobernador Gavin Newsom
California

En abril, el gobernador Newsom firmó una proclamación de emergencia que ordena a las agencias estatales tomar medidas inmediatas para reforzar la resistencia a la sequía en todo el estado y declara el estado de emergencia en los condados de Mendocino y Sonoma debido a las severas condiciones de sequía en la cuenca del río Russian. Poco después, la Junta de Supervisores del Condado de Tulare emitió su propia declaración de sequía.

La resolución proclama “que ahora existe una emergencia local en todo dicho condado de Tulare debido a la sequía que ha creado condiciones de desastre y peligro extremo para la seguridad de las personas y la propiedad dentro del condado, y que tales condiciones están o es probable que estén fuera del control de los servicios, personal, equipo y / o instalaciones de este condado, por lo que se requieren las fuerzas combinadas de otras subdivisiones políticas para combatir “.

La presidenta de la junta, Amy Shuklian, se unió a la junta de supervisores el mes pasado en los condados de Fresno, Kings, Kern, Madera, Merced, San Joaquin y Stanislaus para firmar una carta solicitando al gobernador Newsom que declare una emergencia estatal debido a la sequía y comience a tomar medidas inmediatas para hacerse cargo del problema. Esos pasos incluyen brindar a las agencias más flexibilidad para trabajar juntas para adaptarse a esta situación desafiante, minimizar la burocracia para las transferencias de agua y permitir que las agencias estatales modifiquen ciertos estándares de liberación de reservorios para permitir que más agua llegue a las granjas y comunidades en todo el estado.

Otros funcionarios estatales ya están volviendo a la retórica del ahorro de agua que se utilizó a menudo durante la sequía de 2012-2016.

“Es hora de que los californianos se unan una vez más para ahorrar agua”, dijo el secretario de la Agencia de Recursos Naturales de California, Wade Crowfoot. “Todos necesitamos encontrar todas las oportunidades para ahorrar agua en las que podamos: limitar el riego al aire libre, tomar duchas más cortas, cerrar el agua mientras se cepilla los dientes o lava los platos. Los propietarios de viviendas, los municipios y los desviadores de agua pueden ayudar abordando las fugas y otros tipos de pérdida de agua, que pueden representar más del 30 por ciento del uso de agua en algunas áreas ”.

El gobernador firmó la proclamación de emergencia al tiempo que presentó su paquete de $ 5.1 mil millones de respuesta inmediata a la sequía e inversiones a largo plazo en resiliencia del agua para abordar las necesidades de emergencia inmediatas, desarrollar la capacidad regional para soportar la sequía y salvaguardar el suministro de agua para las comunidades, la economía y el medio ambiente.

 

La inversión propuesta de $ 5.1 mil millones está destinada a realizarse durante cuatro años, y forma parte de la “Cartera de resiliencia del agua” de Newsom, que, según él, es una hoja de ruta hacia la seguridad hídrica frente al cambio climático. Según un comunicado de prensa, la cartera está determinada por las lecciones aprendidas durante la sequía de 2012-16, como la necesidad de actuar temprano y recopilar mejores datos sobre los sistemas de agua. El paquete incluye:

  • $ 1.3 mil millones para infraestructura de agua potable y aguas residuales, con un enfoque en comunidades pequeñas y desfavorecidas.
  • $ 150 millones para proyectos de limpieza de aguas subterráneas y reciclaje de agua.
  • $ 300 millones para la implementación de la Ley de Gestión Sostenible de Aguas Subterráneas para mejorar la seguridad del suministro de agua, la calidad del agua y la confiabilidad del agua.
  • $ 200 millones para mejoras en el transporte de agua para reparar los principales sistemas de suministro de agua dañados por hundimientos.
  • $ 500 millones para la reutilización de terrenos con múltiples beneficios para brindar apoyo flexible a largo plazo a los usuarios del agua.
  • $ 230 millones para proyectos de corredores de vida silvestre y pasajes de peces para mejorar la capacidad de la vida silvestre para migrar de manera segura.
  • $ 200 millones para la restauración del hábitat para apoyar proyectos de reducción de riesgo de inundaciones, llanuras aluviales y de múltiples beneficios.
  • $ 91 millones para la recopilación de datos críticos para reparar y aumentar la infraestructura de datos de agua del estado para mejorar el pronóstico, el monitoreo y la evaluación de las condiciones hidrológicas.
  • $ 60 millones para subvenciones del Programa Estatal de Mejora y Eficiencia del Agua para ayudar a los agricultores a reducir el uso de agua de riego y reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero del bombeo agrícola.
  • $ 33 millones para apoyo a la pesca y la vida silvestre para proteger y conservar los diversos ecosistemas de California.
  • $ 27 millones para soluciones de emergencia y permanentes a emergencias por sequía de agua potable.

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